The Standing Stones of Stenness “Even in daylight the place has something uncanny about it. The Standing Stones of Stenness, mouldering, scarred and grey with age, rising as they do from an unbroken bed of heather always have a weird mysterious appearance. Located by the south-eastern shore of the Loch of Stenness, only four of the ring’s stones remain. These are considerably larger than those found in the nearby Ring of Brodgar , approximately one mile to the north-west. The Standing Stones of Stenness were originally laid out in an ellipse. Although it is commonly written that the monument was once made up of 12 megaliths, excavations in the s suggest that the ring was never “completed”, with at least one – possibly two – of the 12 stones were never erected.
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Continue reading the main story Daniel Boyarin, a professor of Talmudic culture at the University of California at Berkeley, said that the stone was part of a growing body of evidence suggesting that Jesus could be best understood through a close reading of the Jewish history of his day. It has been around 60 years since the Dead Sea Scrolls were uncovered, and they continue to generate enormous controversy regarding their authors and meaning.
The scrolls, documents found in the Qumran caves of the West Bank, contain some of the only known surviving copies of biblical writings from before the first century A. In addition to quoting from key books of the Bible, the scrolls describe a variety of practices and beliefs of a Jewish sect at the time of Jesus. How representative the descriptions are and what they tell us about the era are still strongly debated.
Sharon Stone is happy with the men she has in her life—her three sons, Quinn Kelly, 12, Laird Vonne, 13, and Roan Joseph, “I live in the same house I’ve had for 25 years, and I feel.
There are earthworks of different sorts, stones large and small, tombs of varying shapes and sizes, and so on. How on earth do you sort it all out and know what you’re looking at? Don’t worry, it isn’t as confusing as it looks. Here are the major prehistoric monuments you are likely to run across: Causewayed camps These are some of the oldest remains in the English landscape, dating from around B. They consist of a series of from one to four concentric rings of banks and ditches enclosing an area up to 9 hectares.
The ditches are bridged by ramps of earth, or causeways, in several places, sometimes with corresponding gaps in the banks to form an obvious place of entry. In a masterful attempt at confusion, archaeologists have named these enclosures “camps”, which they aren’t. In only one case out of a score of these camps is there any evidence of even a temporary dwelling within the enclosed space.
What were they used for, then? Probably as a multi-purpose gathering place, combining the functions of livestock pen, trading centre, church, feasting area, and ceremonial arena. Unfortunately, the causewayed camps, most of which have been found in south and west England, are generally unspectacular to visit, and have often been appropriated for other uses by future generations, making it difficult to get a sense of their original state.
The best preserved and perhaps the most important camp archaeologically, is Windmill Hill , near Avebury in Wiltshire.
The stone circles of Wales and the fascinating reasons behind them
Nelson — Huffington Post Jan 29, Crop circles dating back to are proof the phenomenon is no modern hoax, a Tasmanian historian claims. The mystery of the increasingly intricate patterns was supposedly solved after several high-profile cases were revealed to be the work of artists and mischief-makers armed with barrels, planks of wood and plenty of spare time.
FYI, crop circles have also been blamed on unusual weather patterns, top secret military experiments and, er, stoned wallabies.
The circles are located in the Flaming Mountain in Turpan, north west China and cover more than two-and-a-half square miles ( square km). Dr Volker Heyd, an archaeologist at the University of Bristol, believes the first of these Gobi stone structures might date back as early as the Bronze Age.
Long barrows such as this one were the dominant form of megalithic architecture before the development of the stone circle tradition. During the Neolithic, or ‘New Stone Age’, there were extensive cultural changes across north-western Europe. The introduction of agriculture ended the hunter-gatherer lifestyle which had dominated in the preceding Palaeolithic ‘Old Stone Age’ and Mesolithic ‘Middle Stone Age’ periods.
During the Early Neolithic in Brittany and the British Isles, the megalithic tradition of building chambered tombs for the dead had waxed and waned. This would have enabled more people to enter the tomb and take part in any rites there in sunlight. Construction of causewayed enclosures in the lowland regions of Southern England flourished around BCE, but by BCE almost all of them had been abandoned by their users.
It has been suggested that they were camps, markets, cattle kraals or occasional settlements, or perhaps ritual centres for the celebration of seasonal festivals or cemeteries. But there was considerable change in the style of monuments erected, particularly in southern and eastern England.
The strange origin of Scotland’s stone circles
The evidence also shows how these , year-old sites perfectly match Sumerian descriptions of the gold mining operations of the Anunnaki and the city of Enki. The history of southern Africa is one of the great untold stories of the world. It has remained a guarded mystery by traditional knowledge keepers and African shaman for thousands of years. But in everything changed with the accidental and serendipitous discovery of an ancient stone calendar that caused a chain reaction of events, which led us to decoding one of the greatest missing pieces regarding our human origins and the activity of the Anunnaki on planet Earth.
Many history books and scholars have told us that the first civilisation on Earth emerged in a land called Sumer, some years ago. This Sumerian civilisation left behind a detailed account of human activity in millions of clay tablets that continue to reveal critical human behaviour and outlines the relationship between the Anunna gods and the people of Sumer.
Stone circles around the world attest to a function that was essential and widespread in all cultures throughout the world. One large circle representing the solar year and smaller, individual pregnancy cycle circles would have been the most important means to insuring tribal and familial survival at this time.
Welcome to the Tomb of Jeremiah the Bible Prophet. Cairn T, at Loughcrew, nr. The proof of the fact, that this cairn is the tomb of Jeremiah, is “written in stone” in hieroglyphics, on the stones within the cairn itself. So how did Jeremiah come to, and end up being buried in Ireland, when he was a native of Anathoth near Jerusalem? Jeremiah was the Prophet sent by God to king Zedekiah of Jerusalem, who had broken God’s Covenant , to warn him to return to keeping The Covenant or God would send king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon to lay siege to and destroy Jerusalem.
Zedekiah did not like God’s Message and so decided to punish the messenger and put him in prison. However, that did not prevent the prophecy from being fulfilled, it only made its fulfillment more certain. Nebuchadnezzar sent his army and laid siege to The City, whose inhabitants became so hungry that they ate their own children. Nebuchadnezzar; who was sent by God to punish Zedekiah; honoured Jeremiah as God’s Prophet; released him from prison and gave him free rein to do as he was commanded by God.
He himself died in prison, in Babylon, and all of this was because he betrayed God; broke The Covenant and caused his people to suffer poverty under his own laws, instead of prosperity under God’s Laws in The Covenant that is written in The Torah , which is the collective name for the five Books given to Moses at Horeb in Sinai, for the world, and means The Law.
Location[ edit ] The stone circles and other megaliths found in Senegal and Gambia are sometimes divided into four large sites: Researchers are not certain when these monuments were built, but the generally accepted range is between the third century B. Archaeologists have also found pottery sherds, human burials, and some grave goods and metals around the megalithic circles.
Among these four main areas, there are approximately 29, stones, 17, monuments, and 2, individual sites. The monuments consist of what were originally upright blocks or pillars some have collapsed , made of mostly laterite with smooth surfaces.
The Trippet stones are a true stone circle in the sense that they form a perfect circle -apparently this is an uncommon quality in stone circles! The stones occupy a fairly remote location on Bodmin Moor and it is as much the setting as the stones themselves which make this site worth a visit.
Newgrange Newgrange Newgrange is the best known Irish passage tomb and dates to c. The large mound is approximately 80m in diameter and is surrounded at its base by a kerb of 97 stones. The most impressive of these stones is the highly decorated Entrance Stone. Cairn The flat-topped cairn is almost 0. It is roughly circular and is estimated to weigh , tonnes in total. It is made up of water-rolled stones from the terraces of the River Boyne. Excavations showed that white quartz stones from quartz veins in Co Wicklow and round granite boulders from the Mourne and Carlingford areas were used to build the revetment wall above the kerb along the front or south side of the mound.
Tomb The mound covers a single tomb, which consists of a long passage and a cross-shaped chamber. The passage points to the southeast and is just less than 19 m long. It leads in to a chamber with three recesses. A corbelled roof covers the chamber. To construct the roof, the builders overlapped layers of large rocks until the roof could be sealed with a capstone, 6 metres above the floor.
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Stone Circles and Astronomy: Although it is not possible to say that all stone circles were built with an astronomical consideration It is clear that many share an intimate association with both astronomy and landscape. A connection to both lunar and solar observations has been recognised in the design of several prominent stone-circles such as Callanish, Stonehenge, Almendres, Newgrange and the numerous RSC’s recumbent stone circles of Scotland, which are identified with lunar observation.
There are only two latitudes in which the Moon’s maximum declination is the same as the latitude, meaning that at its maximum elongation it goes through the zenith directly overhead. These two latitudes are
stone circles, though their chronology is very uncertain. Henges (or henge monuments) are enclosures where, unlike those with a defensive purpose, the ditch lies Prehistoric Henges and Circles Fig. 4. Long Meg standing stone, Cumbria; the cup-and-ring mark can just be made out.
Heap I, an oval shaped stone mound, measured 12 feet by 21 feet with a maximum elevation of 2 feet. Heap II, another oval shaped stone mound, measured 9 feet in diameter with maximum elevation over two feet. It was built against a large glacial boulder. A small shell heap abutted the heap. Both heaps had 19th and 20th century artifacts on their top surface. The presence of these artifacts had led to local speculation of their colonial or later origins.
Lake District Travel Guide – Stone Circles
Email Us Heritage Centre Lough Gur is a magical and mysterious place that is rich in folklore along with a wealth of archaeology and history dating back to Stone Age times. The Heritage Centre provides a fascinating interpretation of the sites associated with Lough Gur. The Centre boasts a 5 star state of the art facility and has recently received the Trip Advisor Certificate of Excellence Award. Monday to Friday Heritage Centre highlights include: A modern exhibition detailing over 6, years of history at Lough Gur, listening points, audio guides, archaeological dig, Neolithic Pot model, AV presentation and interactive touchscreens.
Until now, the consensus view for the date of the first stone circle was anywhere between BC and BC. To cement the date once and for all, Professors Darvill and Wainwright were granted permission by English Heritage to excavate a patch of earth just m x m, in between the two circles .
Divination circles Gyromancy is a form of divination in which a person walks in circles until they fall over through dizziness. The position one falls in is then used to interpret the outcome of future events. Walking in circles In situations where there are no navigational clues — such as a snowstorm or thick fog — humans always end up going around in circles.
When the sun or moon was out, they were perfectly capable of walking in a straight line. It suggested that we have no instinctive sense of direction. Ant circles If a group of army ants gets separated from the main foraging party, they can lose the pheromone track and begin to follow one another. They form a continuously rotating circle and keep going until they die of exhaustion. Stone circles The most famous henge — an oval area enclosed by a bank and an internal ditch — is Avebury, in Wiltshire.
For centuries, any stone circle or ritual site was called a henge in imitation of Stonehenge.
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An avenue extends to the northeast of the Great Circle towards the River Chew and a second avenue meets it from the north eastern stone circle. It is a large stone close to Hautville Quoit Farm, recumbent since at least the mid 17th century but assumed to have originally been upright. Stukeley also referred to the presence of a second stone. All are of different heights, the stone to the north east being 4. A long barrow burial chamber has been found under the stones of The Cove.
The Heritage Centre is located 5 km’s from the Great Grange Stone Circle – Ireland’s largest stone circle! The Centre boasts a 5 star state of the art facility and has recently received the Trip Advisor Certificate of Excellence Award.
It is at the centre of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds. Archaeologists believe the stone monument was constructed anywhere from BC to BC. Radiocarbon dating in suggested that the first stones were erected in — BC, whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been erected at the site as early as BC. The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about BC.
It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust. Wikipedia ] Click to enlarge. Is it coincidental that Stonehenge is smack dab in the middle of Wiltshire County where all the action is?
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According to a number of antiquarian accounts, the Standing Stones of Stenness and the Ring of Brodgar went by their “traditional names” until the early s. On first glance, these titles seem feasible enough, but are they actually authentic and not merely romantic additions of the antiquarians of the day? I suspect the latter.
Given the persistence of placenames, and traditions, in Orkney, it seems particularly strange that these “temple” names – if they were ever used to describe the rings – completely disappeared from common use in such a comparatively short space of time. Instead, I think they were simply erroneous terms applied by the antiquarians of the 18th or 19th centuries – romantic additions, in the same vein as the infamous “Druid’s Circle” and “Sacrificial Altar”.
Lunar and solar links One of the earliest accounts linking the stone circles with the sun and the moon was written, by the Reverend James Wallace, in
The Standing Stones at Callanish, a stone circle dating back to BC with a purpose unknown. It is said this was a place to observe the moon and stars, for others it is a place of magic. Certainly, as you stand there in that place and touch the stones you feel the power. Every single stone is.
This structure and other standing stones on Islay probably pre-date the medieval ruins on the Council Isle by around two or three thousand years. Someone on Islay raised a question about whether any of Islay’s standing stone groups have solar alignments, as can be read in an article about the Winter Solstice. I know of several sites on Islay which have been linked to various astronomical events. These include the stone circle at Cultoon, the standing stones at Ballinaby and the standing stone at Finlaggan.
The study of astronomical practices in ancient cultures is known as archaeoastronomy. The idea of ancient monuments having some kind of astronomical function has been around for a long time but from the middle of the 20th century the subject became very popular and since the ‘s work has been undertaken by scientists with backgrounds in both archaeology and astronomy. The night sky would have looked slightly different in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages due to what astronomers call precession.
In simple terms this is the ‘wobble’ of the Earth about its axis, with the ‘wobble’ taking 26, years to come back to where it started. The position of the stars changes in relation to the Earth over these 26, years. The Cultoon stone circle, actually an ellipse, was abandoned before completion in the first half of the first millennium B. The climate was deteriorating during this period and the peat bogs were growing. Perhaps constructing stone circles became a luxury that the builders could not afford and they had to put their resources into survival.